MoneyU Glossary of Terms
MoneyU Glossary of Terms
An amount of money a bank or credit card issuer lends to you. You can charge/spend any amount from your credit line to make purchases or take cash advances. As long as you pay the minimum amount due each month by the due date, you can continue to use your remaining available credit.
A credit bureau keeps a record of your credit history for any card or loan issuer to review when considering your application for credit. The three major credit reporting agencies in the United States are Equifax, Experian (formerly TRW) and Trans Union.
A credit card allows you to make partial payments for purchases, but charges interest on the amount owed. You can pay your balance off in full to avoid interest payments. Banks and other card issuers set interest rates and fees.
Credit Card Bill of Rights
An amendment to the Truth in Lending Act to establish fair and transparent practices relating to the extension of credit under an open end consumer credit plan.
Credit Card Debt
The total unpaid balances on all your credit cards.
A record of how a consumer has paid credit accounts in the past. It is used as a guide to determine whether or not the consumer is likely to pay future accounts on time.
Credit Limit/Credit Line
Your credit limit is the maximum amount you may charge on a credit card or you can carry on an account. Some card issuers set a separate limit for purchases and cash advances. Many banks allow you to spend more than your credit limit, but charge you a fee for doing so. It is up to you to keep track of your credit limit and how much available credit you have left.
An official record of a borrowerÔÇÖs credit history, including such information as the amount and type of credit used, outstanding balances, and any delinquencies, bankruptcies, or tax liens. A report that a prospective lender or employer obtains from a consumer reporting agency that displays the manner in which a consumer has met his or her past credit obligations. It is used to help determine creditworthiness of the potential borrower.
A measure of creditworthiness based on an analysis of the consumerÔÇÖs financial history, often computed as a numerical score, using the FICO or other scoring systems to analyze the consumerÔÇÖs credit. A creditorÔÇÖs evaluation of a personÔÇÖs willingness and ability to pay debts as judged by character, capacity, and capital; a mathematical model used by lenders to predict the likelihood that bills will be paid as promised.
A measure of oneÔÇÖs ability and willingness to repay a loan; qualified to have credit.