MoneyU Glossary of Terms

MoneyU Glossary of Terms

Browse the glossary using this index

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Bad Credit

Poor credit rating. Things that damage your credit rating include late or missed payments, exceeding the credit line on cards, defaulting on loans, or declaring bankruptcy.


The amount of money you owe the card issuer. This includes purchases, fees, interest, and transaction charges.

Balance Calculation Method

Balance Calculation Method is the method used by a credit card issuer to calculate the balance owed and the interest due each month.

Balance Transfer

Transferring balances from one credit card to another, usually to take advantage of a lower interest rate. Transfers are limited to the available credit on the receiving card.

Balance/Amount Owed

The total amount you owe the issuer including any unpaid balance from last month, new purchases, cash advances, and any other charges such as an annual fee, late fees or finance charges. The "Amount I Owe" should not be confused with the minimum amount due (the minimum payment allowed each month).

Balloon Rate

An oversized payment due at the end of a mortgage, commercial loan or other amortized loan.


A state or federally chartered for-profit financial institution that offers commercial and consumer loans and other financial services.


To have an account in a financial institution.


Legal process for selling most of the debtorÔÇÖs property to help satisfy debts that canÔÇÖt be repaid, in exchange for (a) relieving debtors of the responsibility of paying their financial obligations or (b) protecting them while a plan is created and they try to repay debts. Two types of bankruptcy apply to consumers -┬á Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. Once a bankruptcy has been filed, foreclosures, garnishments, repossessions, utility cut-offs and debt collection activities are automatically stayed.


To exchange goods or services in return for other goods or services; i.e., without an exchange of money.


The person who receives the benefits or gifts from an estate, insurance policy, IRA, pension plan, or trust.

Billing Cycle

The time between your last bill and your current bill; usually 28 to 31 days.

Billing Statement

A monthly bill from your credit card issuer which describes and summarizes the activity on your account including the outstanding balance, purchases, payments, credits, finance charges and other transactions for the month.


A certificate representing the purchaserÔÇÖs agreement to lend a business or government money on the promise that the debt will be paid ÔÇö with interest ÔÇö at a specific time. An investment security for which a government or corporation promises to pay an amount at maturity (usually more than five years in the future), with interest, in return for the current investment. A bond is a tradable security. The minimum investment in most bonds is $1,000.


The person who signs and agrees to the terms of a promissory note and is responsible for repaying the loan.

Bottom Line

The bottom line is your monthly income less expenses.

Brokerage Account

An account at a securities firm that can be used to buy, hold, and sell equities and fixed-income investments. Brokerage accounts are not insured against loss of your investment.


The financial record you use to keep track of the money you earn, how much you spend and what you spend it on. Your budget also includes savings and how much you pay to your creditors.

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